Article 29 Working Party provides clarifications and some practical advice on obtaining consent for cookies


Last October 2, Article 29 Working Party (“Article 29 WP”) issued the Working Document no. 02/2013 providing guidance on obtaining consent for cookies.

Article 29 clarified that, according to the “opt-in” rule (i.e., prior and express consent) set forth by e-Privacy Directive (Directive 2002/58/EC as amended by 2009/136/EC) for the storage of, or access to, cookies and similar technologies, the mechanism for obtaining consent to cookies must fulfil the following requirements:

1. Specific information

The website shall provide the user with a clear and complete information on the use of cookies. As soon as the user accesses to the website, he/she shall be informed on the different types and purposes of cookies used by the website, the retention period and the existence of third-party cookies. Users must be informed about the ways they can express their preferences regarding cookies: how they can accept all cookies, some of them or decline all or some cookies and to how they can change their preferences in the future.

2. Prior consent

The use of cookies requires users’ prior consent: cookies shall not be set or read before users give their consent to such cookies (except for “technical” cookies).

3. Consent give in a positive way

The process by which users could express their consent for cookies would be through a positive action or other active behaviour. Tools to reach the consent may include browser settings, splash screens, banners, modal dialog boxes, etc. Consent can be expressed clicking on a button or link or ticking a box close to the space where information is provided or by any other active behaviour which can be unambiguously interpreted as user’s consent.

4. Freely given consent

The user should be allowed to freely choose to accept all or some cookies or to decline them and to change settings for cookies in the future. Website operators should not condition the “general access” to their websites on the acceptance of all cookies. However, the access to certain contents of the website can be limited if the user does not consent to cookies. Article 29 WP makes the example of e-commerce websites, whose main purpose is to sell products: in this case, not accepting non-functional cookies should not prevent the user from buying products on this website.


Share this article!

About Author

Anna is an intern in the IP/IT department of Gianni Origoni Grippo and Partners, Milan. In 2010 she got her degree in Law from Bocconi University of Milan. In 2009 she attended an IP intensive course at the London School of Economics (Summer School). She was also the editor-in-chief of the Bocconi School of Law Student-Edited Papers (2009-2010). Her main interests include Intellectual Property, Information Technologies, Telecommunications and Media, Advertising Law and Privacy.

Leave A Reply